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|People's Commonwealth of Eurasia > Information and Question Centre > Constitution of the People's Commonwealth|
|Posted by: Elizabeth Mar 2 2015, 01:11 PM|
Constitution of the People's Commonwealth of Eurasia
Recognizing the rich and vibrant history and culture of the nations of Eurasia the September Revolution has breathed new life into Eurasia, establishing the vanguard People's Commonwealth to protect this free nation and her People. By adopting this Constitution we, the diverse peoples of Eurasia bound ourselves to the protection of her and the Revolution, pledge undying camaraderie between the Eurasian people and comrades abroad, and do hereby formally bring into existence the People's Commonwealth of Eurasia.
I: The Foundation of the Eurasian State
The People's Commonwealth opens its borders to all like-minded individuals who seek Eurasian Citizenship.
The People hold all power in the People's Commonwealth. This power is to be harnessed and exercised by the Body Politic. This is the unshakable social and political foundation of the PCE, the People's Government answering directly to the People.
A Commonwealth of and for the People: the Eurasian Government itself exists to serve the People and their interests. To these ends consensus based decision making will be employed; the goal of the People's Government being to extend every opportunity to the People to participate in their Government. Only through active and inclusive participation of the People can Eurasia thrive.
II: The People's Government
The People's Government is to be directed by the Premier of the People's Commonwealth, a position which answers directly to the People. The Premier will work with the Vanguard Revolutionary Council to direct the policy of Eurasia, to promote both activity and the social development and progress of Eurasia, and as a vanguard against any attempts to corrupt the goals of the Revolution which would seek to rob the People of power over the region.
The Administrative Assembly will be composed of two councils; the Vanguard Revolutionary Council and the Council of State Ministers. The Council of State Ministers operate the organs of the People's Government with the advice and oversight of the Vanguard Revolutionary Council. The Prime Minister will serve as the World Assembly Delegate and appoints the Council of State Ministers. The Vanguard Revolutionary Council will likewise be appointed by the Premier.
The VRC will also be called to mediate judicial and legal matters and will preside over any legal proceedings. In this capacity they will act to fairly judge any Eurasian charged with a crime. For a verdict of guilty to be handed down all Vanguard Ministers must cast such a verdict unanimously. Furthermore the Vanguard Ministers will answer any charges brought by a member of the Council of the People concerning Constitutional Misconduct of the Council of State Ministers, including the Prime Minister. In such cases the Vanguard Ministers may call for new elections if such misconduct is confirmed.
Once monthly the Vanguard Revolutionary Council will host a joint session with the Council of the People to form, review, update and address Eurasian policy while ensuring that policy continues to serve the interests of the People.
It is the responsibility of the Vanguard Revolutionary Council to prepare a Three-Month Plan under which the region will be governed. The Three-Month Plan will outline Eurasian policy for the term of the newly elected government, codifying all domestic, foreign and ideological policies which, by design, have been excluded from this Constitution.
Upon completion the Premier will present the Three-Month Plan to the Body Politic. For the Three-Month Plan to come into effect a unanimous vote of the Body Politic is required. Members of the Body Politic are required to note their specific objections within the Plan so that it may be re-drafted and presented for reconsideration.
The Vanguard Revolutionary Council may, through a unanimous vote, determine items in the Three-Month Plan which are vital to the security of Eurasia. These 'Security Provisions' will be exempt from the consensus requirement, however, are required to be re-authorized every two weeks.
It is the responsibility of the Council of State Ministers to implement the Three-Month Plan and operate the government according to the terms and policies it outlines. The Prime Minister and the Council of State Ministers will abstain from the approval process, being granted an opportunity to lodge concerns and opinions concerning the Plan after it has been approved by the Body Politic.
Elections for the position of Prime Minister will be held on a tri-monthly basis. These elections will be held over the course of the last week of any given election month. Nominations for Prime Minister will be open for a period of two days, followed by a period of three days to allow for the presentation of a platform along with any debates between the candidates. Two days shall then be allotted for the vote to occur.
The incoming government will take power on the first day of the next tri-monthly term. Should a Minister become unavailable at any time during their term the Prime Minister will be directed to appoint a replacement following an unannounced absence of five days from any Minister of State.
It is the duty of the Premier and the Prime Minister to present their appointed Ministers to the region as a whole. Appointees must make themselves available to answer any questions Eurasians may have for them. Furthermore the citizens of Eurasia will have the power to initiate a recall vote for any Minister which the Premier must act upon within 48 hours. Any citizen with the backing of at least two others may initiate this procedure.
The Body Politic shall be comprised of every Eurasian Citizen. Decisions shall be reached through consensus decision making, with consensus votes being held on the Eurasian Forums. Any member of the Body Politic may propose regional law in the form of a Bill.
The Body Politic shall approve all Treaties and Embassies through a vote of consensus, with one 'Nay' vote causing the failure of any such proposal. Amendments to the Constitution shall similarly be approved by a vote of consensus.
Any member of the Body Politic may propose the establishment of an Embassy or an amendment to the Constitution of Eurasia.
This Constitution will be considered Adopted and in force once it has been voted upon and adopted by the membership of Eurasia.
|Posted by: Elizabeth Mar 2 2015, 01:11 PM|
I. Citizens of the PCE are equal before the law and no undue prejudice will be used against them. The equal rights of the citizens of Eurasia are guaranteed in all fields including economic, cultural, political and social life.
II. Citizens of the PCE, whether they are established citizens or new citizens to the region are equals. All rights of Eurasian citizenship are granted immediately to new citizens.
III. Citizens of other regions, and those seeking refuge from oppression in their home region, are guaranteed the rights and freedoms accorded to Eurasian citizens including the right to appeal the Vanguard Revolutionary Council for the protection of their rights. Upon the acceptance of a request for amnesty such individuals are welcome to remain in Eurasia for a period of one month before seeking Eurasian citizenship.
Citizens of other regions who are visiting Eurasia are obliged to respect the Constitution of the PCE and observe the laws of Eurasia.
IV. Citizens of the PCE have the right to take part in the governance of their region.
This right is ensured by the Constitution of the People's Commonwealth and the amplification of the voice of the People through the Vanguard Revolutionary Council. The People's Government will provide every opportunity to the citizens of Eurasia to take an active role in their Government, and will work to accommodate the talents and interests of its citizens so they may pursue and utilize them in the service of their region. Those citizens not holding an office of governance are provided a voice in the People's Government through both the Council of the People (including the right to submit proposals to be considered for conclusion in the Two-Month Plan) and are further amplified through the Vanguard Revolutionary Council.
V. Citizens of the PCE have the right to enjoy cultural benefits.
This right is ensured by broad access to the cultural treasures of their own region and of the world that are preserved and nurtured by the People's Government; by the development and fair distribution of cultural institutions throughout the region; by developing audio/video broadcasting and the publishing of books, newspapers and periodicals, and by maintaining a free Library of the People; and by expanding cultural exchanges with other regions.
VI. In accordance with the interests of the People and to further strengthen and develop the socialist system citizens of the PCE are guaranteed freedom of speech, of the press, and of assembly, meetings, demonstrations and protest.
Exercise of these freedoms is ensured by a public venue on the forums of Eurasia at the disposal of the People, by broad dissemination of information and by the opportunity to use the media resources of the People's Commonwealth.
VII. Citizens of the PCE are guaranteed the right to fair prosecution. Unfounded charges may not be brought up against a citizen, nor may any extreme and unusual sentence be imposed by any organ of the People's Government.
VIII. The privacy of citizens, and of their correspondence, private message conversations on the forums of the PCE, and telegraphic communications on NationStates.net are equally protected by law.
IX. Respect for the individual and protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens are the duty of all state bodies, public organizations, and officials. Citizens of the PCE have the right to protection by the courts against encroachments on their honour, reputation and personal freedom.